Analysis of non-classical aileron buzz

M. Irfan Zafar, Francesca Fusi, Giuseppe Quaranta


This paper focuses on the computational study of nonlinear effects of unsteady aerodynamics for non-classical aileron buzz. It aims at a comprehensive investigation of aileron buzz phenomenon under varying flow parameters utilizing the classical approach of describing function technique with multiple input variables. Limit cycle oscillatory behavior of an asymmetrical airfoil section has been studied initially using an expensive high-fidelity model which uses coupled CFD/CSD time marching approach. Using this high fidelity model, a multiple input aerodynamic describing function was developed that can effectively represent lumped nonlinearities of aerodynamic subsystem. It has been demonstrated that limit cycles can be closely identified through aerodynamic describing function representation. Traditional LCO analysis of sensitivity with respect to hinge moment of inertia is performed. Further, outburst points of limit cycle amplitude for varying Mach No. and angle of attacks are investigated. By using developed aerodynamic describing function, it has been demonstrated that limit cycle analysis methods may still be used while including the effects of aerodynamic nonlinearities. Results from both methods, direct time marching and multiple input describing function, have been broadly compared for validation.


Computational aeroelasticity; describing function; aileron buzz; fluid structure interaction; limit cycle oscillation

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